Milia, often referred to as “milia under eyes,” is a common skin condition that many people encounter at some point in their lives. These tiny, pearly white cysts can appear on various parts of the body, but when they show up under the eyes, they can be particularly bothersome. In this article, we will delve into the world of milia, discussing what they are, their causes, symptoms, and the best ways to treat and prevent them.
What Are Milia?
These are small, dome-shaped cysts filled with keratin, a protein found in the outer layer of the skin. They can occur on the face, neck, chest, and other parts of the body. These are usually painless and develop when dead skin cells get trapped in sweat ducts or hair follicles.
Types of This Disease
These are the most common type and often occur in infants.
Secondary milia develop after an injury, burn, or certain skin conditions.
Milia en Plaque
This type of milia appears in clusters on the face and can be associated with genetic disorders.
These are common in newborns and typically disappear within a few weeks.
Causes of This Disease
Milia can be caused by various factors, including:
- Blocked Sweat Glands: When sweat glands get clogged, milia can develop.
- Use of Heavy Cosmetics: Using heavy, pore-clogging cosmetics can contribute to milia formation.
- Sun Damage: Excessive sun exposure can thicken the skin and lead to milia.
- Genetic Predisposition: Some people are genetically more prone to milia.
Symptoms of This Disease
These are characterized by small, white or yellowish bumps on the skin’s surface. They are often seen around the eyes, nose, and cheeks. Unlike acne, milia do not cause redness or inflammation.
A dermatologist can diagnose milia through clinical examination. In some cases, a skin biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
- Exfoliation: Gently exfoliating the skin can help remove dead skin cells and prevent milia.
- Cleansing: Use a mild, non-comedogenic cleanser to keep the skin clean.
- Avoid Heavy Cosmetics: Choose makeup and skincare products that are non-comedogenic.
- Extraction: A dermatologist can extract milia using a sterile needle or scalpel.
- Chemical Peels: Chemical peels can help remove milia, especially in cases of milia en plaque.
Milia Under Eyes
Milia under the eyes can be particularly concerning, as they are quite noticeable. They can be caused by factors like using heavy eye creams, not removing makeup properly, or genetic predisposition. To prevent milia under the eyes, use a lightweight eye cream, remove makeup gently, and maintain good skincare habits.
Milia vs. Whiteheads
Milia are often confused with whiteheads, but they are quite different. Whiteheads are clogged pores filled with sebum, while milia are cysts filled with keratin. The treatment for each condition varies.
Milia vs. Skin Tags
Skin tags are small, soft growths that hang off the skin, while milia are hard, dome-shaped cysts. They are not the same, and their treatment methods differ.
Milia in Babies
Milia in babies, often known as “milk spots,” are common and typically appear on the nose, cheeks, and chin. They usually disappear within a few weeks and do not require treatment.
Can Milia be Prevented?
While it may not always be possible to prevent milia, you can reduce your risk by maintaining good skincare practices, using non-comedogenic products, and protecting your skin from excessive sun exposure.
Including the troublesome “milia under eyes,” can be a nuisance, but with the right skincare practices and, if needed, professional treatment, they can be managed effectively. Remember to consult a dermatologist for the best guidance on how to deal with it